Centre for Conservation of Natural Resources (CCNR) is one of the core centers of TDU and was one of the building blocks of the organization. Its resources include the state-of-the-art National Herbarium and Raw Drug Repository. Over the years, the centre has been at the forefront in demonstrating the Medicinal Plants Conservation Program.
It has developed inventories of medicinal plants for more than 12 states through consultation of floristic, ethno-botanical and botanical surveys. These inventories are handy reference tools for resource managers to guide conservation programs.
An ethno-medicinal garden harboring living collection of 1500 plant species has been established at FRLHT-TDU over the last 17 years. This garden has been an important component of “Centre of Excellence on Medicinal Plants and Traditional Knowledge” project supported by MoEF & CC since 2002. The resulting collection in this garden has been an important resource for educating and orienting students, researchers and various other stakeholders to get acquainted with these unique natural resources. A nursery attached to this garden has been playing an important role in raising medicinal plants for planting in the garden also for supplying seedlings to the households for their primary health care uses.
The state of the art ‘FRLHT-TDU Herbarium and Raw drug Repository’ houses these natural resources used in the Indian System of Medicine, in the form of herbarium and raw drug samples. The botanical drugs comprising, root, stem, leaves , flower, fruit, seed, root & rhizome, stem & leaves, fruit & seed, stem bark, root bark, heart wood, whole plant, whole plant without root, exudates, gum/resin, tuber and bulb, have been classified on the most scientific and modern lines. This enhances its significance multi-folds as a conservation research facility.
Over two decades CCNR team along with state forest departments and Community based organizations has taken a lead role in the world by demonstrating the Medicinal Plants Conservation Program through implementation of insitu and exsitu conservation projects in southern India.
The Centre works closely with Centre for Traditional Knowledge, Data Science and Informatics of TDU and has been developing a dynamic, well referenced multi-dimensional database on Indian Medicinal Plants species called Encyclopedia on Indian Medicinal Plants. This database treasures more than 6500 species that are medicinally important from various published sources. This browser connects to more than two lakh vernacular names, scientific names and associated multi-dimensional information including botanical identity, distribution, photographs, maps, pharmacology information etc. This is shared through various websites for conservation programs and specific needs.
Understanding the distribution pattern of medicinal plants was one of the essential program to address Conservation action programs by the Center for Conservation of Natural Resources. The geographical distribution mapping efforts have given priority to species of high conservation concern as well as the species in high volume trade. The Eco-distribution Maps are attempted for mapping distribution, occurrence and population of critical species of conservation concern for ex Saraca asoca, Coscinium fenestratum which is not a one time effort but a continuous upgradation process based on the institutes research and botanical field experience.
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