Ethno Veterinary Program (EVP)
India has enormous amount of knowledge and resources on traditional health management of human & animal health. This knowledge can be broadly divided into codified and oral. The codified practice contains sophisticated theory and practices. The oral or the folk practices are an integral part of believes, knowledge, skills, resources and practices of the local communities related to the health. The veterinary Ayurveda also known as Mrugayurveda has a documented history of about 5000 years. Asvasastra (Sage Salihotra, 1800 BC), Hastyayurveda (Sage Palakapya, 1000 BC), Matsyaqpurana, Garudapurana, Agnipurana, Brahmanandapurana and Ligapurana are few examples. Presently the traditional knowledge is marginalized by the dominance western knowledge system. However, there are large number of experienced and knowledgeable local healers (pashu vaidyas) spread all over the country. As part of the revitalization of this eroding traditional veterinary knowledge TDU had documented several practices from various part of the country. We have listed 353 formulations after rapidly assessing them for their efficacy and safety using the methodology developed by us.
Livestock sector has a vital role in the livelihood of the rural poor as 70 percent of the livestock owners belong to the below poverty line (BPL) population. Animal disease is one of the major losses on farmer’s income. Indiscriminate use of antibiotics in animal production and other chemical veterinary drugs lead to high antibiotic hormone residues in milk and other animal products which can cause allergies, anaphylactic shocks and toxicity in consumers. This also causes development of multi-resistant strains of microbes which is a threat to human and animal health.
India is the world’s largest milk producer, accounting for 13-15% of the world’s total milk production and consumes almost 100% of its own milk produced. Food safety & Standard act 2006, Govt. of India Chapter 4 Item 21: Pesticide, veterinary drug residues, antibiotic residues & microbial counts states “No article of food shall contain insecticide or pesticide residues, veterinary drug residues, antibiotic residues, solvent residues, pharmacologically active substances & microbial counts in excess of such tolerance limit as may be specified by regulations”. Food producing animals treated with antibiotics for milk & eggs should be kept out of human food minimum one week, poultry & meat products 28 days fish & other marine products 500 degree days.
Several organizations have agreed to actively collaborate with the EVP project.