Dr. Balakrishnan Nair M N

Professor Emeritus
Centre for Ethno-veterinary Science and Practices

Mail: nair.mnb@tdu.edu.in
Ph: 6360204672, 080-28568972

Prof. M N Balakrishnan Nair (PhD, MSc) is Professor emeritus and Head of the Centre for Ethno-veterinary Science and Practices at TDU. He has more than 38 years of research and teaching experience, and has with organizations such as Birla Institute of Technology and Science ,Pilani, Sardar Patel University, Department of Botany at University of Delhi, UPM Malaysia, Peermade Development Society and IIM Ahmedabad before joining TDU. An avid traveller, Dr. Nair has visited 23 countries as well. He has 39 peer reviewed papers, 6 books, 5 Edited books, 7 chapters in the books, and 29 Communications to Scientific Conferences (both national and international).


  • Documented Ethno-veterinary practices from 24 locations in 10 states of India
  • Rapidly assessed them using classical Ayurveda knowledge and established that 353 formulations out of 441 are safe and efficacious
  • In-Vitro antimicrobial activity of the extracts of the herbal formulation against mastitis had inhibitory activity against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus.
  • Clinical study using traditional formulation for mastitis showed that somatic cell counts (SCC), electrical conductivity (EC) and pH of the milk become normal within 6 days indicating cure of mastitis
  • Shown that traditional medicine can be used  to reduce retention of placenta (ROP)
  • Demonstrated that the antibiotic residue in the milk can be reduced by 88% in one year time using EVP formulations 
  • Demonstrated that adopting the Ethno-veterinary science and practices to combat infectious diseases in livestock has been a key game changer in reducing the use of antibiotic and other veterinary drugs in veterinary practices
  • Working with NDDB, AMUL, BAIF, 30 MILK Unions from 14 states, Government of Sikkim and Haryana
  • Part of the team for training on EVP: 1050 (61 PG Diploma) Veterinarians, 550 village resource persons, 37 Officers from the various Milk unions and 30,000 farmers. We are reaching now millions of famers through these organizations and they are all saving large amount of money as the formulations are very cost effective
  • Working with Natural Livestock Farming (NLF) Netherlands, Ethiopia and Uganda
  • Conducted exchange programme for vets and farmers from these counties to India and India to these counties
  • Studied 240 species of wood including Scanning Electron Microscope, developed a classification of vestured pits and helical thickening in relation to its function and its Utility in seasoning and preservative treatment of wood
  • Developed technique for sustainable tapping of gum in Sterculia urens (commercially known as gum karaya), 
  • Developed technique for sustainable tapping of oleo-gum-resin from Commiphoa weightii (commercially known as Guggul) and other species
  • Documented 435 LHT for 61 prioritized health conditions, assessed 388 are safe and efficacious
  • Established 21,454 HHGs in 451 villages,
  • Trained 2083 Women Village Resource Persons (VRPs) to use Medicinal plant for PHC needs
  • Intervention impact analysis indicate 70 to 100% cure for PHC and 88% reduction of family expenditure for PHC

Current Interests:

Field of study

  • Antimicrobial residues in the milk and Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)- Documentation, Rapid assessment, validation and promotion of Ethno-veterinary practices through mainstreaming them in veterinary curriculum, training of vets, farmers and Dairy professionals to reduce antimicrobial use in dairy production.
  • Development of herbal formulations as Alternatives for Antibiotics
  • One Health
  • Use of medicinal plants and Primary health care – Documentation of Local health traditions, Rapid assessment, validation and Promotion through establishment of HHG, training of households to use them for PHC
  • Trans-disciplinary research
  • Forest products-Functional Plant anatomy and wood structure
  • Natural gums and resins
  • Development of portal for traditional medicines for animal health.

On-going Research Projects / Grants / Specific Research Activities:

  • DABUR Guggulu harvest studies -“Sustainable tapping of Guggul (Oleo-gum-resin) from CommiphoraWightii (Arnott) Bhandari
  • Training of trainers in Validated EVP & Veterinary Ayurveda for Veterinarians: (Co.PI),at AMUL Dairy, Doodh Sagar Diary, Baroda dairy, Gokul Dairy, Abbott, Govt. of Haryana and Punjab
  • Ethno-veterinary based product development

Some of my important publications:

  1. Ngwisha J, Samutela M, Phiri B, Zulu M, Mwasinga W, Balakrishnan N, Choongo K, Hang’ombe B. In-vitro potential of crude extracts of selected garden herbs for mastitis management in Zambia. University of Zambia Journal of Agricultural and Biomedical Sciences [Internet]. 5Jul.2021 [cited 10Nov.2021];5(1). Available from: https://journals.unza.zm/index.php/JABS/article/view/523
  2. Prathap Kumar Kothapalli* , M.N. Balakrishna Nair, N. Punniyamurthy 2021. Mycotoxin induced antibiotic resistance, an unsuspected public health impact: a perspective review Ind. J. Vet. & Anim. Sci. Res., 50 (4) 1-15, July – August, 2021
  3. Santhosha Hegde1, Pavithra Narendran1, Malali Gowda2 and M N Balakrishnan Nair M. N. 2021. Metagenomic Profiling of Bovine Milk from Mastitis Infected Udder of the Cows before and after Treatment with Ethno-Veterinary Practice (EVP)”. EC Veterinary Science 6.7. 
  4. MN Balakrishnan Nair and Punniamurthy N. 2021 “Ethno-Veterinary Practices (EVP) as a New Approach for Management of Cattle Health without Antimicrobial and Other Chemical Veterinary Drugs”. EC Veterinary Science 6.5.
  5. P. Dutta1, A.V. Hari Kumar1, S.K. Rana1, S.B. Patel2, D.D. Patel2, K.R. Patel2, N. Punniamurthy3, M.N.B. Nair3, G K Shrama1 2020 Management of common ailments of dairy animals with ethno-veterinary herbal preparations in Gujarat. The Pharma Innovation Journal 2020; SP-9(8): 67-70
  6. M N Balakrishnan Nair 2019. Ethno-veterinary science and practices for reducing the use of antimicrobial and other veterinary drugs in veterinary practices. EC veterinary sciences Reco.01 16-17
  7. Kumar S K1, Deepa P M2, Punnimurthy N3, MNB Nair4 2018. Prevention of mastitis in cattle during dry period using herbal formulation. RRJVS | Volume 4 | Issue 1 | June,  e-ISSN:2581-3897
  8. Suresh Bharat, Punniamurthy N and Nair M N B 2018, Dhanwantharam Kashayam for preventing post-partum complication in cross bred cows.  Dairy and Vet Sci J 5(4):JDVS  MS 555666 (2018)
  9. Nair M N B, Punniamurthy N, Mekala P, Ramakrishnan N and Kumar SK.2017. Ethno-veterinary Formulation for Treatment of Bovine Mastitis, RRJVS/ Journal of Veterinary Sciences S1. 25-29.
  10. Nair M N B, N Punniamurthy* and S K Kumar 2017. Ethno-veterinary practices and the associated medicinal plants from 24 locations in 10 states of India RRJVS/Journal of Veterinary Sciences Vol.3 (2), 16-25.
  11. Punniamurthy, N.   Ramakrishnan, N. Nair MNB *and Vijayaraghavan,S* In-vitro antimicrobial activity of ethno-veterinary herbal preparation for mastitis. Dairy and Vet Sci. J 3(2): JDVS.MS.ID.555607 (2017)
  12. Katrien van’t Hooft and M. N. Balakrishnan Nair, Fighting antibiotic resistance through unified strategies.  Current science, vol. 113, no. 11, 10 December 2017

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Membership of professional bodies / committees (both national & international):

  • Life member: Indian Botanical society, Tree scientist. International Association of wood scientists
  • Executive committee member : Natural Livestock Faming, Netherlands
  • Director NLF India

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