This is a publication of TDU-FRLHT titled “Planting Health, Rural Livelihoods and Education – a model initiative for conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants” is edited by Bhatt J R, Jagannatha Rao R, Deepa G B, Ved D K and Darshan Shankar. This book consolidates the experience of implementation of the project ‘National Programme on Promoting Conservation of Medicinal Plants and Traditional Knowledge for Enhancing Health and Livelihood Security’ in nine states of India, which was funded by UNDP and executed by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, Govt. of India, and implemented by Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions in collaboration with State Forest Departments and NGOs. The unique feature of this publication is its inter-sectoral perspective of sustainable management of medicinal plant resources. It links conservation of medicinal plants to health care, livelihoods, protection of indigenous knowledge, economics, education and local cultures. The contents of this publication are grouped under three thematic areas: (1) conservation and sustainable use, (2) health and livelihood security, and (3) education and awareness.