Reports | The University of Trans-Disciplinary Health Sciences and Technology (TDU)

Reports

Annual Reports of TDU

(Including Audit Reports)

All India Coordinated Research Project on Sacred Grove Ecosystem Service Assessment: Evaluation of Ecosystem Services provided by Scared Grove sites in Kerala and Karnataka (No. 22/17/2011 – SG/RE)

Sacred groves are islands of biodiversity that is preserved undisturbed and in a pristine way due to religious reasons. These relic vegetation offer refuge to several RET species besides offering a host of services to humanity. Despite their role in community welfare and ecological importance research on quantitative assessment of the services provided by them are limited. This Sacred Grove Ecosystem Services Assessment (SGESA) was a first-ever scientific attempt to quantify and value the ecosystem services of sacred groves in the country. The University of Trans-Disciplinary Health Sciences & Technology (TDU-FRLHT), Bangalore, was engaged in elucidating six ecosystem services provided by the sacred groves in Kerala and Karnataka. Following were the ecosystem service specific deliverables envisaged for Karnataka and Kerala sacred grove sites: water as an ecosystem service of sacred groves; nutrient cycling in soil as an ecosystem service of sacred groves; biodiversity conservation as an ecosystem service of sacred groves; carbon sequestration; documentation of NTFPs & medicinal plants; documentation of local health traditions (LHT); documentation of cultural services. This project was conducted between March 2012 and March 2017, and funded by the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change (MoEF&CC), Govt. of India.

Following are the major outcomes of the project 

  • Comprehensive checklist on the biodiversity of sacred groves 
  • Categorisation of sacred grove plants into medicinal plants, NTFPs, RET species
  • Documentation of natural regeneration within sacred groves
  • References on soil nutrients and water quality of sacred groves and their surroundings
  • Record of calendar events of spiritual activity and festivals in each sacred grove
  • Assessment of threats and pressures on each sacred grove

This project was managed by Dr. Jagannatha Rao, R from the University of Trans-Disciplinary Health Sciences & Technology (TDU) with the support of technical and field team in the study sites. For more details about this project, contact Dr. Jagannnatha Rao., Centre for Conservation of Natural Resources, Email: j.rao@tdu.edu.in, Mobile: 9448936300

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Rapid Assessment of Population of Conservation Concern Species at Medicinal Plants Conservation Areas (MPCAs) in Karnataka

A network of natural forest sites, particularly rich in the diversity of medicinal plants and representing a diversity of forest types in the project states, was established to capture and conserve species of high conservation concern along with a diversity of medicinal plants. These natural sites established especially for in-situ conservation of medicinal plants were designated as medicinal plants conservation areas (MPCAs). The main purpose was to create a network of MPCAs in Karnataka to ensure long-term conservation of wild medicinal plants. These MPCAs were located in relatively undisturbed pockets of forests rich in plant diversity and spanning different vegetation types and altitudinal ranges to capture a viable population of the identified species of conservation concern. Karnataka Forest Department in collaboration with Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions (FRLHT), Bengaluru has established 17 Medicinal Plants Conservation Areas (MPCAs) across different forest types in Karnataka since 1993.
Apart from a species checklist prepared for each MPCA, the absence of knowledge and information about many aspects of MPCAs has given less scope for forest managers and other relevant stakeholders to measure the impact on conserving medicinal plants and also to maintain the MPCAs in the long run. In this context, the University of Trans-Disciplinary Health Sciences and Technology (TDU) had agreed with the Karnataka Forest Department to undertake the rapid assessment of population of conservation concern species at Medicinal Plants Conservation Areas (MPCAs) in Karnataka. The project report covers the field research activities undertaken to generate baseline data on medicinal plant diversity of 17 MPCAs.
This project was managed by Dr. Jagannatha Rao, R from the University of Trans-Disciplinary Health Sciences & Technology (TDU) with the support of technical and field team in the study sites. For more details about this project, contact Dr. Jagannnatha Rao., Centre for Conservation of Natural Resources, Email: j.rao@tdu.edu.in, Mobile: 9448936300

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Report on Principles and Practices of Sustainable Use and Sustainable Harvesting
Contributors from TDU: Deepa GB, Jagannatha Rao and Arthur Selwyn Mark

Rapid Assessment of Population of Conservation Concern Species at Medicinal Plants Conservation Areas (MPCAs) in Karnataka

A network of natural forest sites, particularly rich in the diversity of medicinal plants and representing a diversity of forest types in the project states, was established to capture and conserve species of high conservation concern along with a diversity of medicinal plants. These natural sites established especially for in-situ conservation of medicinal plants were designated as medicinal plants conservation areas (MPCAs). The main purpose was to create a network of MPCAs in Karnataka to ensure long-term conservation of wild medicinal plants. These MPCAs were located in relatively undisturbed pockets of forests rich in plant diversity and spanning different vegetation types and altitudinal ranges to capture a viable population of the identified species of conservation concern. Karnataka Forest Department in collaboration with Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions (FRLHT), Bengaluru has established 17 Medicinal Plants Conservation Areas (MPCAs) across different forest types in Karnataka since 1993.
Apart from a species checklist prepared for each MPCA, the absence of knowledge and information about many aspects of MPCAs has given less scope for forest managers and other relevant stakeholders to measure the impact on conserving medicinal plants and also to maintain the MPCAs in the long run. In this context, the University of Trans-Disciplinary Health Sciences and Technology (TDU) had agreed with the Karnataka Forest Department to undertake the rapid assessment of population of conservation concern species at Medicinal Plants Conservation Areas (MPCAs) in Karnataka. The project report covers the field research activities undertaken to generate baseline data on medicinal plant diversity of 17 MPCAs.
This project was managed by Dr. Jagannatha Rao, R from the University of Trans-Disciplinary Health Sciences & Technology (TDU) with the support of technical and field team in the study sites. For more details about this project, contact Dr. Jagannnatha Rao., Centre for Conservation of Natural Resources, Email: j.rao@tdu.edu.in, Mobile: 9448936300

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FOREST-PLUS 2.0: FOREST FOR WATER AND PROSPERITY

Strengthening of NTFP and Eco-tourism value chain activities in Thiruvananthapuram landscape, Kerala

Forest-PLUS 2.0 program identified two forest-based value chains: NTFPs and ecotourism services for assessment and strengthening and promotion, to create inclusive economic opportunities through ecosystem services in Thiruvananthapuram landscape. The Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions (FRLHT) was sub-contracted to implement value chain strengthening and promotion activities for both NTFPs including honey (Cheruthaen) and ecotourism ecosystem services in Thiruvananthapuram landscape in collaboration with local organisations and subject experts. This assignment was successfully implemented between June 2020 and June 2021. After the completion of assigned activities, the reports were submitted to Forest PLUS 2.0 in 7 sets of deliverables. 

Following are highlights of this project:

  • Conducted market survey and value chain assessment of NTFPs for collection quantity, trading pattern, market channels, market linkage & institutions involved in the NTFP sector
  • Developed a business model for the sustainable management of NTFPs in the Thiruvananthapuram landscape
  • Training modules and materials developed for (a) sustainable harvesting and post-harvest management practices, (b) NTFP cultivation practices, (c) Community-based Ecotourism activities, (d) Cheruthaen (Stingless bees) beekeeping practices, and (e) nature education camp management
  • Designed and executed ToTs programs on (a) Cheruthaen beekeeping practices for 3 days – 20 trainees, (b) NTFP cultivation practices for 3 days – 53 trainees, (c) Nature education camp management for 3 days – 30 trainees, and (d) community based ecotourism activities for 10 days in 3 phases – 30 trainees
  • Designed and executed one-day community level training programs on (a) Cheruthaen beekeeping practices – 10 JFMCs – 500 trainees, and (b) Sustainable harvesting and post-harvest management practices – 20 JFMCs – 1000 trainees
  • Conducted research and outreach on traditional foods and beverages, handicrafts and handloom items from the Thiruvananthapuram landscape
  • Adopted two JFMCs for installing the 150 Cheruthaen (Stingless) bee boxes with colonies to provide them long term livelihood plan
  • Conducted community mobilisation among NTFP collectors to provide the market linkage for sustainably harvested products by entering into MoUs with herbal industries and also with Vanasree procurement unit 
  • For cultivated plant materials, agreement was signed between farmers and herbal industries (Kerala Sarvodaya pharma, Thiruvananthapuram, Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala, The Oushadhi, Thrissur)

This assignment was managed by Dr. Jagannatha Rao, R from TDU with the support of technical and field team in collaboration with organisations and institutions in Thiruvananthapuram landscape. For more details about this project, contact 

Dr. Jagannatha Rao, R., Centre for Conservation of Natural Resources, Email: j.rao@tdu.edu.in, Mobile: 9448936300

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Karnataka Moolike Utsava and Paramparika Vaidya Sammelana

The University of Trans-Disciplinary Health Sciences and Technology (TDU-FRLHT), in collaboration with The Karnataka Biodiversity Board (KBB), the Karnataka Medicinal Plants Authority (KaMPA), the Paramparika Vaidya Parishat – Karnataka and Adichunchanagiri Ayurvedic Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre (AMC) had organized Karnataka Moolike Utsava and Paramparika Vaidya Sammelana at Sri Pavada Basavanna Devara Mutt, Nelamangala on 22nd and 23rd December 2021. This sammelana had covered vaidyas from 6 districts viz., Bengaluru Rural, Bengaluru Urban, Chikkaballapura, Kolara, Ramanagara and Tumkur. As a part of this sammelana, an exhibition on Indian Medical Heritage was also organised. Further, a free medical screening camp and Panchakarma treatment was conducted by Institute of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine (IAIM) Healthcare Centre, Bengaluru.

This sammelana was attended by 194 paramparika vaidyas including 12 women vaidyas from different districts of Karnataka and few representatives from Paramparika Vaidya Parishat, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. A total of 173 Paramparika vaidyas had attended from the targeted 6 districts and few vaidyas represented from Bidar, Mandhya, Gadag, Chitradurga, Raichur and Chikkamagaluru. The sammelana was also attended by 50 officials, doctors and experts from National Medicinal Plants Board, RCFC, Kerala, Karnataka Biodiversity Board, Karnataka Medicinal Plants Authority, Karnataka Forest Department, The University of Trans-Disciplinary Health Sciences and Technology, Institute of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine Healthcare Centre, Shankara Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Indian Institute of Horticulture Research, Adichunchanagiri Ayurvedic Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Government Ayurveda Central Pharmacy and Government Ayurveda College. There were 23 Ayurveda students from Adichunchanagiri Ayurvedic Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre who had participated in the sammelana also in the documentation of traditional knowledge of the paramparika vaidyas. Apart from 266 registered participants of this sammelana, the exhibition on Indian Medical Heritage was visited by 210 school and college students and 105 general public. The free health check-up was attended by 108 persons and free Panchakarma treatment was given to 36 people.

Purposes of the sammelana were to strengthen and revitalize the traditional community healthcare practices and build capacity of the traditional community healthcare providers (TCHPs), to create awareness about significance of traditional community healthcare practices to public health and to develop local TCHPs profile by documenting the healers and their knowledge.

For details, contact, Mr. Jagannatha Rao R.; Email j.rao@tdu.edu.in Mobile: 9448936300

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Development and standardization of semi-processing technology to enhance the quality and market value of selected medicinal plants in Peechi Wildlife Sanctuary and Silent Valley National Park, Kerala

As a general practice, plant collectors trade their wild collected plant materials as raw drugs without doing any processing and grading, even though some practices like drying, deseeding, etc. are simple. Plant collectors usually try to trade their collections on the same day as fresh materials just to get quick income. In that case, plant collectors end up getting less price (fresh
materials are valued less) for their collections. In some cases, plant collectors, who have willingness to undertake value addition for wanting of more income, organise simple processing methods with little facilities available at local level. Such interventions would enable local communities as beneficiaries to generate extra income and thereby leading to improved livelihood security.

In this project, the selected landscape in Kerala state was Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary and Silent Valley National Park under Wildlife Circle North. Out of 7 Eco-Development Committees (EDCs) in Silent Valley Wildlife Division, five EDCs (Anavai, Thadikundu, Uppukulam, Karuvara and Watchers) were selected for this study. In Peechi-Vazhayani Wildlife Division, out of 12 EDCs, four (Olakara, Kakkinikad, Maniyankinar, Chimmony) EDCs were selected. The selected nine EDCs in Silent Valley National Park and Peechi are located in the buffer zones of protected areas that are rich in natural resources especially NTFPs. Tribal communities in these areas, who are obviously part of the EDC members, totally depend on these resources for their health and livelihood security. NTFPs contribute substantial income to tribal communities in the selected EDCs, as they depend on collection of NTFPs from wild. Species that are under collection by these EDCs have the potential to generate employment and livelihood income to
tribal communities besides meeting their health needs.

Developing and standardizing semi-processing techniques for 14 NTFPs along with honey were prioritized using a set of selection criteria. The processing methods or post-harvest management practices that are practiced locally by community members were documented through interviews
and meetings. After the assessing the need and opportunities for semi-processing techniques, criteria were developed for developing and standardization of semi-processing practices for 14 prioritised NTFPs.

For details contact Shri Jagannatha Rao R. Faculty, Centre for Conservation of Natural Resources. Email: j.rao@tdu.edu.in Mobile No. 9448936300

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© 2021 TDU, Bengaluru. A UGC Recognized University.

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